World Conservation and Wildlife Trust

Fighting to protect the World's Marine Life, Wildlife, Biodiversity and Population.

The Rhinoceros Hornbill


General information on the rhinoceros hornbill

The rhinoceros horn bill lives deep in the lush tropical forests of Indonesia. It represents the War god in the eyes of the Dayak people due to its mounted rhinoceros looking horn. They can grow up to 110cm-227cm in size and can live a long 35 years in captivity. A usual diet consists of Fruit, insects and small reptiles.

Courtship and bonding are extremely important in the horn bills way of life as the female relies solely on the male to provide everything from food to protection as she is incubating and looking after the egg. In the process of bringing up the young the mother creates a nest in a tree trunk and surrounds it by dried up mud with a hole only big enough for her to get out. This clever technique maintains that the horn bills egg is safe from most predators.

Causes for endangerment

Once the babies are fully feathered they are considered old enough to leave the nest and fend for themselves on their own hence ending the long upbringing of the Rhinocerous hornbill.

In recent years the hornbill has been under serious threat from severe habitat loss and in 2006 was classed as endangered by the I.U.C.N red list of endangered species.


Article by R.H.N