World Conservation and Wildlife Trust

Fighting to protect the World's Marine Life, Wildlife, Biodiversity and Population.


General information on the penguin

Penguins have a normal diet of only fish and can only be found in cold environments. Due to global warming, it is warmer than it used to be - meaning that some of the ice is melting. Penguins are used to a much cooler climate. Climate changing and global temperatures rising results in the ice caps melting, this makes it increasingly hard for the penguins to survive, as their habitats are lost. 

Causes for endangerment

Also since the fish are affected by the changes of the water temperature and moving with the currents, penguins then have to swim further in order to find food for their chicks; therefore it is more stressful to raise chicks and thus fewer eggs laid and less chance of chick survival. Humans also gather eggs if possible, and their habitat is destroyed due to general growth along coastal water ways. If climate change persists penguins may as well die out very soon.

The penguin at the most risk is the Galapagos penguin under the Endangered Species Act (E.S.A.) this bird is listed as endangered, the Humboldt penguin is endangered under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (C.I.T.E.S.). The Erected Crested penguin and the Yellow Eyed penguin are on the endangered list under I.C.U.N.'s listing. The African penguin is under consideration to be included on the endangered list and the Southern Rockhopper to be added to the threatened list.

Here is a list of vulnerable/threatened penguins:

          * Gentoo penguins- Near threatened

          * Magellanic penguin- Near Threatened

          * Rockhopper penguin- Vulnerable (population decreasing)

          * Macaroni Penguin- Vulnerable (population decreasing)

          * Fiordland crested penguin- Vulnerable (population decreasing)

          * Snares Island penguin- Vulnerable (small population but stable)

          * Royal penguin- Vulnerable (population recovering)

Article by R.H.N.