World Conservation and Wildlife Trust

Protecting the World's Marine life, Wildlife, Biodiversity and Population.

List of Animals In This Page

  1. The California Condor
  2. The Albatross
  3. The Rhinoceros Hornbill

The California Condor


General information on the california condor

The california condor is one of the worlds largest living birds with one of the heaviest wingspans reaching an astonishing 3m in length. It is also one of the worlds longest living birds with a massive lifespan of up to 50 years. They are said to be closely related with the vulture, with a large black body and bald head ranging from red to yellow dependant on mood. An average California Condor can weigh up to 14 kg however due to most measurements being taken in captivity a rough approximation can be as accurate as you are going to get of the condor in the wild. 



The condor scavenges for food, its proffered choice being carrion (dead animal carcasses). Despite belief that vultures and condors are dirty ugly pointless birds studies show that without vultures and condors many eco-systems around the world would be affected devastingly as the condors have a very acidy stomach killing of any bacteria and disease from the carcasses and putting it out the other end clean. If we did not have these birds to provide this survice many species would eat the diseased carcasses and spread disease, devastating the local ecological systems. These bids are also very beautiful with a sleek flying pattern.

Causes for endangerment

However in recent years condor numbers dropped drasticly due to lead poisoning, poaching and habitat destruction. A conservation plan was desperatly needed. Finally one of the most expensive conservation plans ever made in the US was set up where the remaining condors were captured and introduced to a breeding program at san diego wild animal park and the los angeles zoo. They have been introducing them back into the wild ever since. But still only 387 condors are know to be living in the wild, 188 of these in captivity making them the most endangered bird on the planet.

Article by RHN.

The Albatross

 

General information on the albatross 

The albatross ranges widely from The north pacific to the southern ocean. They are one of the largest birds in the world with the largest wingspan of any flying bird. Their diet consists mainly of krill and fish, using an effective dynamic flying style to conserve energy. As they are colonial they nest on remote pacific islands sometimes for up to a year to produce one young born from an egg. The albatross family is said to have up to 21 different subspecies (this number generally debated).

Reasons for endangerment

However of the 21 species of albatross a shocking 19 are endangered according to the I.U.C.N. In recent decades the albatross has been harvested for feathers but in recent years pollution depleting fish stocks and predators eating the eggs are causing this beautifal species to be driven to the edge.

 Another increasing problem is longline fishing where the albatross goes for the bate, swoops down, and gets caught on the hook, beind dragged down-helpless. They simply drown, the dead birds thrown back over board. This is the case for over 100,000 albatrosses a year.

 

Article by R.H.N.

 

The Rhinoceros Hornbill

 

General information on the rhinoceros hornbill

The rhinoceros horn bill lives deep in the lush tropical forests of Indonesia. It represents the War god in the eyes of the Dayak people due to its mounted rhinoceros looking horn. They can grow up to 110cm-227cm in size and can live a long 35 years in captivity. A usual diet consists of Fruit, insects and small reptiles.

Courtship and bonding are extremely important in the horn bills way of life as the female relies solely on the male to provide everything from food to protection as she is incubating and looking after the egg. In the process of bringing up the young the mother creates a nest in a tree trunk and surrounds it by dried up mud with a hole only big enough for her to get out. This clever technique maintains that the horn bills egg is safe from most predators.

Causes for endangerment

Once the babies are fully feathered they are considered old enough to leave the nest and fend for themselves on their own hence ending the long upbringing of the Rhinocerous hornbill.

In recent years the hornbill has been under serious threat from severe habitat loss and in 2006 was classed as endangered by the I.U.C.N red list of endangered species.

 

Article by R.H.N