Carbon Capture and Storage
What is it?
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a method implicated to prevent increasing quantities of CO2 from being released into the atmosphere as a result of the Energy production industry; this involves the burning of fossil fuels which is an unsustainable and damaging process, this being as it produces damaging gases like sulphur dioxide (a main factor in acid rain) and Carbon Dioxide, which cause the "Greenhouse Gas Effect" a planet harmful effect causing the sun's UV rays to become trapped in our atmosphere.
The process involves capturing the CO2 from the primary emission sources such as fossil fuel power plants, compressing it and then storing it so it cannot be released into the atmosphere. The compressed carbon dioxide is transported to a location deep underground by pipeline to minimize the risk of it entering the atmosphere.
In order to retain the CO2 within geographical the compressed carbon dioxide effectively, they are stored underneath permeable rocks. The pores in the rock are filled with water, allowing the carbon dioxide to dissolve in it. This is the current method used to store the carbon dioxide.
Unfortunately capturing then compressing the carbon dioxide requires much energy, and for CCS technology to be applied to existing power plants it would increase the fuel needs by 25%-40%. These estimations apply to the storage location being nearby and having a storage location far away would be even more expensive. However research suggests that if these measures are taken now then it will pay off by 2025 as although costs would be higher, the amount of carbon dioxide would decrease significantly.
CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage) is a delicate and complex process, but with the rightly implemented skills it can be perfected and cater for a massive reduction in global Carbon Emissions, helping to obtain Global independent carbon reduction goals promised by world leaders. However with everything good, comes a darker and more complex side, we see this side every day... Cost. At the end of the day the question remains, do we think our planet is worth saving? If so then why are all the plants in CCS being shutdown? And why are the people shutting them down spending £Billions in other countries when they claim they cannot even afford these effective implementations of Carbon reductions? I believe our Planet is worth saving, do you?
By B. Parmar, Head of Energy and Oil at Respect Honour Nature (WCWT)